Try our Commonly Asked Questions for additional information.
What causes prostate cancer?
The risk of developing prostate cancer increases with increasing age, family history, being African American and the Western diet.
Are there any symptoms with prostate cancer?
The majority of men with prostate cancer have no symptoms. Usually men become concerned when they notice a deterioration in the way in which they pee, thinking that they may have cancer of the prostate. The development of symptoms, in the majority of men symptoms are a sign of benign enlargement or BPH rather than cancer. Prostate cancer arises from the outer part of the prostate, near the capsule far away from the urethra ( outlet pipe of the bladder). As a result the growth needs to be very large before it will compress the urethra causes symptoms such as slow flow, hesitancy or an increase in night time visits to the toilet.
How do I know if I have prostate cancer?
For most men with prostate cancer there are no warning signs. Prostate cancer is detected using a combination of a blood test ( the PSA test) and an examination of the prostate performed by your urologist. If there are any concerns regarding these your urologist will recommend that you have an prostate MRI and if there is a shadow a biopsy would be required.
How is prostate cancer treated?
There are several different approaches to the management of prostate cancer including observation, surgery or varying forms of radiotherapy.
Who should have a PSA test?
There exists level 1 evidence ( the best evidence available) that having a PSA test between the ages of 50 -69 reduces your risk of dying from prostate cancer and also reduces the risk of being diagnosed with metastatic cancer (cancer that has spread to other parts of the body). Before the test is performed ensure that you are well informed about the pros and cons of having a test. If you have any questions make sure you ask your urologist or local doctor for more information. If you have a family history of prostate cancer testing can commence at any earlier at 40.
If I have prostate cancer do I have to have treatment?
No. treatment related decisions are based on several key factors including those related to:
Age and health of patient
Most men with low risk features do not require definitive treatment and can be managed by surveillance.